Limited visibility: Lack of visibility into network and security operations is one of the major security threats of cloud computing. The organizations, in exchange for on-demand cloud computing services and scalability, allow cloud service providers to manage portions of their technology infrastructure and data security. This shared responsibility model curtails the organization’s visibility in network and security operations.
Multi-tenancy: In a multi-tenancy cloud deployment environment, the responsibilities over aspects of privacy and security are shared between cloud service providers and tenants, which might result in ambiguity. This exposes potential security risks of critical security set-ups if left unguarded.
Unregulated access to and from anywhere: Cloud computing makes sharing and accessing of data easy and convenient. This vast exposure and easy accessibility of data also lead to it potentially being distributed among unauthorized users and malicious attackers. Storing data in virtual shared spaces makes data monitoring and handling challenging and also fuels the risks of data leaks if improperly managed.
Compliance: Data privacy is a growing security concern worldwide, hence why compliance regulations and industry standards like GDPR, CCPA, PCI DSS, and HIPAA are strict and mandatory for organizations. To meet the compliance requirements, it is crucial to monitor who can access the data and what they can do with that access permission. Cloud-native systems allow a large-scale user base to access data from anywhere. Failure to meet compliance standards and lack of access controls across networks can lead to weaknesses in the security posture.
Misconfiguration: Cloud misconfiguration refers to any security gaps or errors that can expose your network environment to major security risks or unplanned downtime events. Some of the most common cloud misconfigurations include unrestricted inbound and outbound ports, inefficient management of secrets like API keys, encryption keys, and admin credentials, insecure backups, and lack of access log monitoring.
Software vulnerabilities: Weak authentication and identity management, insufficient security tools, and using old and weak software versions and deprecated protocols can lead to diminished cyber defense against potent security risks.
Lack of Multifactor Authentication (MFA): Multifactor Authentication is a core component of Identity and Access Management (IAM), where added layers of extensive verification procedures help in minimizing the risks of possible security breaches. Failing to implement MFA can result in cyberattacks like man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks, data breaches, and unauthorized access to the corporate networks.
Insufficiently segmented virtual networks: Virtual network segmentation helps in bolstering the overall security policy of the organization by granting access privileges to only those who need it, and ensuring security against cyberattacks and improved network performance. Lack of network segmentation can be advantageous to attackers in both privilege escalation and post-exploitation phase.